15. Amprius: silicon anodes by CVD

Amprius grows silicon directly off current collectors by CVD


Amprius website

Yi Cui – Stanford

Growing silicon directly off current collectors (by CVD) offers a rich library of strategies to solve traditional problems associated with silicon anodes. However, it also raises a few new ones. Find out more in my latest podcast.

Silicon active material (340) is grown onto nickel silicide template (310) and may be coated by carbon or lithium conducting shell (330). The silicide template is hard rooted onto the copper current collector (320) for enhanced electron conductivity.


14. 1D Silicon anodes from Sila Nanotechnologies

Why is BMW investing in this company?

2017 Sila US9673448

Professor Gleb Yushin’s page

Sila Nanotechnology

Secondary particle of Sila’s silicon anode depicting the 1D carbon whiskers for electron conductivity and the silicon nanoparticles for lithium capacity

Anodes with silicon active materials may offer more than 2x the capacity of anodes with graphite active materials and improved rates of operation due to a low risk of lithium plating. A 1D architecture consists of ultrathin wires or whiskers as opposed to ultrathin sheets (2D). Emerging from the lab of professor Gleb Yushin, Sila Nanotechnologies focuses on such electron conductive wires (carbon based) decorated with silicon nanoparticles. This concept provides a highly porous secondary structure where the silicon particles have room to expand and contract without cracking the overall anode structure and is claimed to work well with liquid electrolyte systems. This podcast dissects a 2018 patent which claims Sila’s core silicon anode technology.

10. Fast Silicon anodes from Enevate

Can silicon anodes provide BOTH higher capacity AND faster rates?
Free standing, 5 micron, flexible, strong anode with >70% silicon from Enevate

Patent link

Enevate website poster

Enevate website

There is a lot of talk on the subject of fast charging in the electric vehicle world. In principle, you cannot have both high energy density AND fast charging built into the same battery. There are many reasons for this, however, the graphite anode is the main block to fast charging. Currently “power” cells with graphite anodes can charge as fast as 75% in 15 minutes while “energy” cells require >1.5 hours. Future anodes such as silicon may bring larger capacities AS WELL AS faster rates of charging. Enevate discloses how in this patent. Listen to my podcast to learn more.